The National Institution for Transforming India, also called NITI Aayog, was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015. NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. While designing strategic and long term policies and programmes for the Government of India, NITI Aayog also provides relevant technical advice to the Centre and States.
The Government of India, in keeping with its reform agenda, constituted the NITI Aayog to replace the Planning Commission instituted in 1950. This was done in order to better serve the needs and aspirations of the people of India. An important evolutionary change from the past, NITI Aayog acts as the quintessential platform of the Government of India to bring States to act together in national interest, and thereby fosters Cooperative Federalism.
At the core of NITI Aayog’s creation are two hubs – Team India Hub and the Knowledge and Innovation Hub. The Team India Hub leads the engagement of states with the Central government, while the Knowledge and Innovation Hub builds NITI’s think-tank capabilities. These hubs reflect the two key tasks of the Aayog.
NITI Aayog is also developing itself as a State of the Art Resource Centre, with the necessary resources, knowledge and skills, that will enable it to act with speed, promote research and innovation, provide strategic policy vision for the government, and deal with contingent issues.
The India International Centre was founded with a vision for India, and its place in the world: to initiate dialogues in a new climate of amity, understanding and the sharing of human values. India is ideally located as a meeting point between the East and West. In the words of its Founder-President, Dr. C.D. Deshmukh, this institution was designed to be a meeting of minds, a place where “various currents of intellectual, political and economic thought could meet freely”. The Centre provides a forum for active dialogue, serving as a “bridge” for cultures and communities from all over the world. Statesmen, diplomats, intellectuals, scientists, jurists, writers and activists convene here for discussions. Lectures and conferences initiate the exchange of new ideas and knowledge in the spirit of international cooperation.
The IIC is a non-government institution, remaining financially self-reliant over four decades. In its objectives the Centre declares its purpose: as a society “to promote understanding and amity between the different communities of the world by undertaking or supporting the study of their past and present cultures, by disseminating or exchanging knowledge thereof, and by providing such other facilities as would lead to their universal appreciation”.
Following these objectives, international and national conferences are initiated, as well as programmes in music, film, folk and classical cultures, the performing and visual arts. These programmes are offered not only to members but the wider public in the city. Three departments were established at the India International Centre: the Cultural Programmes, the Library and Publications. Each department complements the others in promoting these objectives of the Centre. In its programmes the Centre pursues values of liberal humanism which are today of universal significance.
The Centre for Policy Research (CPR) has been one of India’s leading public policy think tanks since 1973. The Centre is a non-profit, non-partisan independent institution dedicated to conducting research that contributes to the production of high quality scholarship, better policies, and a more robust public discourse about the structures and processes that shape life in India.
CPR’s community of distinguished academics and practitioners are drawn from different disciplines and professional backgrounds. The institution nurtures and supports scholarly excellence. However, the institution as such does not take a collective position on issues. CPR's scholars have complete autonomy to express their individual views. Senior faculty collaborate with more than 50 young professionals and academics at CPR and with partners around the globe to investigate topics critical to India’s future.
CPR’s work is broadly organised into five fields: International Relations and Security; Law, Regulation and the State, Environmental Law and Governance, Urbanisation and Economic Policy. Under these broad rubrics, there are several initiatives, networks, collaborative projects that bring together teams of researchers; and researchers also produce their individual work. From academically deep, field defining books to serious and path breaking academic monographs, a steady output of articles in learned journals, and complimentary articles in less learned journals written for public outreach, CPR’s outputs cover the gamut. CPR’s faculty also serve on various Committees, engaging with a range of policy makers, civil servants, parliamentarians, NGOs and other research institutions.
CPR’s wide and deep range of work across disciplines has placed it at the forefront of the important issues of our time: accountability, sanitation, urbanisation, land rights, climate change, technology and society, environmental law, state capacity, infrastructure, social conflict, great power politics, identity politics, election studies, and so forth.